Our trees and woodland in Wales provide many benefits to individuals, communities and industries related to harvesting natural resources. Trees are an important part of a healthy ecosystem by attracting vital pollinators and supporting integrated pest management - meaning less money on expensive and environmentally damaging fertilisers.
Trees improve soil conditions from increasing protection from wind, limiting water erosion and providing natural drainage - integrated 'green spaces' in urban areas act as natural flood defences. Benefits to farming include helping to boost crop yield, by slowing wind speeds and improving crop-water efficiency, and offering the opportunity to increase production through silvoarable and silvopastoral schemes. Trees improve wellbeing and provide an essential connection with nature.
Some of the biggest threats to trees and ancient woodland in the UK are from over exploitation of natural resources (logging, clearing for pasture), pests and diseases (e.g. Ash dieback) and changing weather patterns (climate change).
The Woodland Trust is the UK's largest woodland conservation charity. They have three main goals:
Woodland Trust has thousands of resources to help you understand more about our native trees and ancient woodlands, and ideas for how you can became more involved in nature, including helping you find your local woodland.
Woodland Trust needs help protecting, restoring and creating woodland. You can do this as part of an organisation, community or as an individual by:
In Wales community woodlands can be found in many types of woodland, of varying sizes and in diverse locations. With a 300 member strong grassroots network, Llais y Goedwig is the proud voice of community woodlands in Wales. Through local and national networking events, Llais y Goedwig helps bring community woodland groups together to share their experience; the Llais y Goedwig Annual Gathering is a fantastic event with many opportunities to network and share good practice with individuals and organisations tackling comparable issues and opportunities.
Since 2008, Llais y Goedwig has continuously represented the interests of community woodland groups in Welsh policy debates and published a Manifesto for the Forests of Wales. Llais y Goedwig is currently undertaking research into critical areas of forestry in Wales - including studies of woodfuel supply and the potential for non wood forest products to support social enterprises.
Just as there is no single model of a community woodland group in Wales, then there is no fixed process for creating one. Each woodland group starts in a unique way - seeing how others did it can be a very useful, and give some tips based on real experiences:
Tir Coed is a charity based in Mid-West Wales that 'improves lives through woodlands'.
Operating in under-used Natural Resource Wales owned woodlands and community woodlands with public access. These woodlands are often deemed economically unviable and have frequently been left unmanaged for years. Tir Coed utilises these woodlands as a tool for rural development and rural diversification unlocking the potential of the woodland to provide:
Tir Coed works in rural, economically deprived areas with little access to services or opportunities but regions which are often rich in woodland thus the Tir Coed model creates new economic, social and environmental opportunities.
Blaen Bran protects and preserves 100 acres of woodland above Upper Cwmbran for the use of the community. The area is of natural and historical interest and is situated on the side of the Mynydd Maen (Stone Mountain) with wonderful views over Cwmbran and extending to the Severn and Llandegfedd reservoir and provides a feeling of freedom, peace and quiet as a getaway from the town.
Rheoli coetir cyll ac ynn yn ucheldir y Gogledd. Ymhell o fod yn ddinistriol, mae bondocio yn cadw'r planhigyn yn ifanc ac yn ymestyn ei hyd oes yn aml i gannoedd o flynyddoedd. Dim ond rhai rhywogaethau sy'n addas ac mae gan bob un ei nodweddion, ei gylch bywyd a'i gynnyrch ei hun. Mae cynhyrchion bondocio yn amrywio o siarcol i fangorwaith a dwb ar gyfer waliau.
Coed Lleol yw cangen y Gymdeithas Coedwigoedd Bychain yng Nghymru. Mae gan y Gymdeithas brofiad helaeth o reoli prosiectau Coedwigaeth Gymdeithasol, yn ogystal â phrosiectau i hyrwyddo ffyrdd cynaliadwy o reoli coedwigoedd bychain er budd cymdeithasol, amgylcheddol ac economaidd. Ymysg prosiectau blaenorol Coed Lleol y mae prosiect Coedwig Gymunedol i sefydlu'r rhwydwaith cymorth, sydd bellach yn annibynnol, ar gyfer grwpiau coedwigoedd cymunedol, Llais Y Goedwig. Nod Coed Lleol yw 'ailgysylltu pobl a choedwigoedd yng Nghymru' ac mae wrthi'n cynnal y prosiect Coed Actif Cymru mewn 9 lleoliad ledled Cymru; Môn, Castell-nedd Port Talbot, Abertawe, Wrecsam, Sir y Fflint, Aberystwyth, Gwynedd, Treherbert a Merthyr. Mae Coed Actif Cymru yn brosiect iechyd a llesiant arloesol i helpu pobl i gadw'n iach drwy ffordd y goedwig, gan gefnogi grwpiau gweithgareddau gan gynnwys gwaith rheoli coedwigoedd, byw yn y gwyllt, campfa'r goedwig, crefftau ac addysg natur ar y cyd â mudiadau iechyd ac amgylcheddol (megis Mind, Macmillan ac Ardaloedd o Harddwch Naturiol Eithriadol) yn ogystal â hyfforddiant a chymorth, gan gynnwys sefydlu cwrs OCN mewn Coedwigaeth Gymdeithasol sydd ar gael mewn sawl canolfan yng Nghymru a Lloegr.
Dechreuodd Coed Marros Co‐op pan ddaeth criw o bump at ei gilydd i brynu a datblygu Coed Marros ar y cyd fel coetir cymunedol. Mae Coed Marros Co‐op wedi canolbwyntio'n bennaf ar ddatblygu Coetir Cymunedol gan ddefnyddio egwyddorion Permaddiwylliant, bywoliaethau ar eu cyfer eu hunain a chysylltiad cryf a chefnogol â'r gymuned leol.
Cyn blanhigfa Pefrwydd yw Coed Phoenix yr ydym yn ei thrawsnewid yn frith o gynefinoedd bywyd gwyllt. Yn raddol mae'r coetir yn cael ei adfer i goetir sy'n un cynhenid yn bennaf. Y Dderwen Ddigoes, y Fedwen, yr Helygen a'r Gerddinen fydd hyn gan mwyaf.
The Long Forest initiative is a community engagement project run by Keep Wales Tidy in partnership with the Woodland Trust and the University of South Wales. It is funded by the Welsh Government's Nature Fund. The Long Forest initiative encourages local groups, landowners, schools and businesses to become more actively involved and informed in the management of hedgerows, woodland and ancient trees through practical demonstrations, hedgerow surveys and expert training.
Long Wood Community Woodland (CGLWCW) is a social enterprise based in West Wales. Established in 2003 the woodland is managed for timber sales and as a recreational facility on a not for profit basis ensuring sustainable community focused development of the woodland as a commercial, educational and recreational community owned asset.
Confor - plantation forestry
MWMAC - practical professional training
www.woodlands.co.uk - UK's leading woodland estate agents- excellent blog