The biodiversity of the Brecon Beacons National Park is a tremendous natural asset. It helps give the National Park its distinct character, supports farming, forestry, tourism and other businesses; and provides visitors and local people alike with opportunities for spiritual refreshment and healthy exercise.
A stunning variety of habitats can be found in our National Park, from the heather moorland of the uplands, to the gravel strewn beds of the River Usk. Many of the Park’s habitats and species are internationally important and the Park is the only place in Britain where you can find a number of rare species. The park supports over 75% of Wales’ limestone pavement habitat and is home to a variety of rare and endemic hawkweed and whitebeam species, found nowhere else.
The sheer variety of the Park’s wildlife owes much to its special climate and underlying topography, combined with remoteness and traditional farming practices. The Brecon Beacons National Park is a semi-natural, cultural landscape, moulded by nature but influenced by mankind’s management of the land over thousands of years. The biodiversity that exists in the Brecon Beacons today is the result of these intertwined processes.
However, biodiversity is vulnerable, even in the National Park. For this reason the National Park Authority and partners produced Our Natural World – a Local Biodiversity Action Plan for the Brecon Beacons National Park in 2001. The plan and its actions were reviewed in 2006. The Local Biodiversity Action Plan (LBAP) identifies which habitats and species are of particular importance for conservation in the National Park and outlines key actions to be delivered by the LBAP partnership.
LBAP Core Steering Group members include: Brecon Beacons National Park Authority, Brecknock Wildlife Trust, The National Trust, Welsh Water & CCW (now Natural Resources Wales).
To reflect policy changes at the national level, the LBAP has now transformed into the Local Nature Partnership (LNP) and the partnership have produced a Nature Recovery Action Plan for the Brecon Beacons National Park which was launched in July 2019. For more information on biodiversity in the Brecon Beacons National Park visit the website